Ocular migraines though rare and often harmless can be troubling to those who experience them. They are believed to be caused by the same mechanics as regular migraines and they include visual disturbances or auras. They affect 1 in 6 adults in the United States.
Researchers have found that there are adverse effects on the lives of those who suffer with them. They can often impact people in the same way that neurological disorders such a multiple sclerosis do.
Though ocular migraines are deeply concerning to those who experience them the symptoms will generally resolve within an hour or so. Simple measures may be taken to reduce symptoms such as:
- Lying down in a dark room
- Placing a damp cloth or cool pack on forehead
- Taking an over the counter pain medication
Recent evidence suggests that structural abnormalities in the visual cortex are to blame for ocular migraines but researchers are still studying the causes in the brain for migraines.
Migraines may also be triggered by strong odours, certain foods, bright lights, fatigue, stress and hormonal changes. Patients can combat the onset of migraines in certain cases by:
- Getting enough sleep
- Drinking enough water
- Managing stress
- Avoiding trigger foods
Once a patient has had an ocular migraine they are likely to have them again. In most cases the remedy will be unique to the patient and they will have to find the remedy that works best for them.
If you experience unusual symptoms during an ocular migraine such as vision loss, loss of sensation or difficulties speaking you should be seen by an Optometrist to rule out any serious conditions.